By Mihai Popsoi
In international circles, Moldova is frequently described as a country torn between Russia and the Euro-Atlantic West, where the push-pull of geopolitical competition is the defining feature of national policy and politics. Yet, while geopolitics may fill the headlines and fuel sombre discussions in Western capitals, the flawed recent elections in Moldova reveal a simpler truth: that political expediency and corruption often wins over strategic and geopolitical orientation.
Continue reading COLCHIS: When corruption trumps geopolitics: lessons from the Moldovan election
By Dr. Karena Avedissian
For Armenia, a Russian ally, a member of the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), and once regarded as increasingly autocratic, the 2018 Velvet Revolution was a remarkable achievement.
Continue reading COLCHIS: Armenia is a Russian ally and EEU member, so how did it pull off a democratic revolution?
By Maryna Vorotnyuk
Amidst the war in its eastern regions with Russia-backed militants, Ukraine is struggling to maintain the functionality of the state. The ongoing reform of its diplomatic service is intended to make its foreign policy more efficient and fit for the purpose of keeping Ukraine on the international agenda and securing the cohesion of the West against revisionist Russia, an issue commonly linked to the survival of the state. This reform is not an easy endeavor, though, the problem of the public sector’s unhealthy performance is a truism casually referred to in the country. With the adoption of the long-awaited law on diplomatic service in June 2018, the situation in the diplomatic realm in Ukraine might be changing for the better.
Continue reading Keeping Pace: Ukraine’s Foreign Service Reforms
By Tigran Grigoryan
After the democratic revolution in Armenia and the peaceful transition of power to the current government of Nikol Pashinian, regional experts and international observers have expressed cautious optimism about the prospects for progress in Karabakh peace talks. While many of the signs are encouraging, and represent a welcome change from the region’s more typical foreboding, the underlying dynamics of the conflict remain unchanged—along with the extended spectre of war.
Continue reading COMMENT: Imitation Game – the theatre and risks of the Karabakh peace process
By Cüneyt Gürer
Turkey’s foreign and regional security policies have been deeply affected by the Syrian crisis for at least the past seven years. Different dimensions of the crisis and the spillover effects in Turkey (refugees, terrorist attacks, foreign terrorist fighters, etc.) have raised questions and concerns about the country’s approach to regional security. For years, Turkey’s Syria policy has been dominated by the idea of playing an active role in Middle East politics.
Continue reading POLICY BRIEFING: How Turkey’s Initial Response to the Syria Conflict Weakened Security Governance
By Mihai Popsoi
visited Georgia several times since my first visit in 2016, I am in awe with
the sheer splendor of the country’s booming new architectural landmarks. The
controversial former president Mihail Saakashvili undeniably left a mark by
embarking on a rapid modernization process that entailed drastic
anti-corruption reforms as well as large investments in infrastructure. All
over Georgia one can see the glass monuments to transparency, accountability
and revival starting from the new offices of the Legislature, Presidency,
Courts, Police Stations etc. One can discuss the aesthetics and the
architectural value of the new edifices, but their symbolic importance for the
young and ambitious country is unquestionable. Meanwhile, in stark contrast,
Moldova has struggled for almost five years to renovate its parliament and
failed to renovate the presidential office for almost a decade following the
riots of April 2009. The Moldovan President Igor Dodon had to ask the Turkish
President Erdogan not just to rebuild the Presidential Office, but also pay for
Continue reading What can Moldova Learn from Georgia?
By Ann Tsurtsumia-Zurabashvili
Being primarily an issue of foreign policy, the local dimension of the counter-recognition policy has remained rather overlooked. How ordinary Georgian citizens react to new external contacts of Abkhazia might be meaningless for the big picture, but it sheds light to the sentiments of societies living on both sides of the division line.
Continue reading Mobilizing Emojis: The HAHA Campaign to Counter the Recognition of Abkhazia
By Dr. Karena Avedissian
For Armenia, a country that is a member state of the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and was widely perceived as slowly slipping into autocracy, the Velvet Revolution was a remarkable achievement.
Continue reading Armenia: Revolution in the EEU
By Tigran Grigoryan
Editor’s Note: The author’s use of unqualified place names in the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh is a reflection of his analytical perspective, and does not necessarily represent the official view of EDSN, CSS, or its affiliates.
The velvet revolution in Armenia was a political earthquake which few had anticipated. In less than a fortnight, the popular movement led by Nikol Pashinyan managed to mobilize the overwhelming majority of Armenian society in a dramatic struggle against the autocratic and corrupt regime of Serzh Sargsyan. The movement reached its initial goal on April 23, when Sargsyan announced his resignation. The following two weeks were marked by political instability caused by the reluctance of the ruling regime’s representatives in the Parliament to satisfy the protesters’ demands and elect Nikol Pashinyan the new Prime Minister of Armenia. However, On May 8, the revolutionaries prevailed and Pashinyan became the new leader of the republic.
Continue reading Nagorno-Karabakh’s Hot Political Summer: A Revolution That Didn’t Happen
By Alexander Nice
Barring any last-minute drama, the United Kingdom will cease to be a member of the European Union in just a few months’ time, on 29th March 2019. Brexit represents a fundamental challenge to the European Union, which will lose its second biggest economy and a critical security actor. It also poses a serious questions over the future of the EU itself. It has shown that the direction of travel for EU states is not foreordained; countries can leave as well as join the bloc; and “ever-closer Union” is not inevitable. Moreover, the concerns that drove the UK to leave the EU –over immigration, sovereignty and democratic control – are not unique to British voters.
Continue reading Brexit and the Eastern Partnership – opportunities as well as risks?